World History_What's Alike and Different in Islamic Caliphs and Mauryan/Gupta?

작성일 : 2016-05-04 19:38 수정일 : 2016-12-27 00:07 작성자 : 임현진 (숙명여고3) (heidi9540@gmail.com)

One similarity between how the Islamic Caliphates and Maurya, Gupta used is that they had a law code abiding the rules in their religious bibles. Muslims have Sharia that records how Muslims should act such as the 5 Pillars (confession of faith, fasting, donation, pilgrimage to mecca and prayer). This helps the governors to govern easily because believers of the religion will easily obey to the law and govern of the leader which would stabilize the society. Gupta people also had Hindu law codes like the code of Manu and the great Indian epics: Mahabharata and Ramayana, in which the Hindus found the ways of life they should follow. The epics depict duties of relationships and ideal characters like the ideal king and ideal servant.

 

 

Another similarity is that the leader of Islamic world was theocratic and the same goes for Maurya and Gupta. Sultans in the Islamic Caliphates were not only the military leader but also they gained power of religious leader. Maurya and Gupta kings also had strong power both in the military and politics and also in the religion. For example, King Ashoka of Maurya who converted to Buddhism after the battle and massacre of Kalinga could use his powerful governing skills to spread the religion all over India, building statues and towers to mission Buddhism.

 

 

One difference is that while Islam claimed the equality of all people in the eyes of Allah, Hinduism of Gupta strengthened and justified the caste system. This was because Islam was firstly established to console the have-nots who were poor when mecca flourished as the trading hub and Hinduism derived from the Brahmanism, delivered by Aryans who justified their conquest over the Dravidians. This helped the Islam caliphates to govern people more easily because low-class people in regions conquered by Muslims easily converted to Islam and this could bring integration of the whole class together, further facilitating the central governing system. Moreover, in the millet system, Islam caliphates tolerated other religions as long as they paid a tax called ji-jiya.

 
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